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The American Planning Association describes "Planning":
- "When government officials, business leaders, and citizens come together to build communities that enrich people' lives, that's planning."
- "Planners help government officials, business leaders, and citizens create communities that offer better choices for where and how people work and live."
- "Planning is a collaborative, dynamic field that offers the chance to really make a difference in the communities you care about.
Planning is a systematic, creative way to influence the future of neighborhoods, cities, rural and metropolitan areas, and even the country and the world. Urban and regional planners use their professional skills to serve communities facing social, economic, environmental, and cultural challenges by helping community residents:
- develop ways to preserve and enhance their quality-of-life;
- find methods to protect the natural and built environment;
- identify policies to promote equity and equality;
- structure programs to improve services to disadvantaged communities, and;
- determine methods to deal effectively with growth and development of all kinds.
Urban and regional planners do many types of jobs and are involved in almost any kind of government or private activity which seeks to affect the future or respond to community change. The majority of planners work in traditional planning areas such as land use, environmental protection, economic development, transportation, community design, housing, and social planning. However individual planners can still have a wide variety of responsibilities within these broadly defined specialties. Other planners work in less traditional areas, often with people from other disciplines, such as healthy communities or energy development or school planning.
Some planners become generalists–they develop a level of expertise in several substantive areas. Others become specialists and define themselves as housing or transportation or environmental planners for example. Most planners share a common set of skills and values even though they may specialize in one or two substantive areas. Using their “planning toolkit” they:
- involve all affected parties in important planning decisions;
- help communities to develop their own vision of the future, preparing plans responsive to shared community objectives;
- analyze qualitative and quantitative information to suggest possible solutions to complex problems;
- evaluate the cost-effectiveness of proposed projects and plans; and
- present recommendations to public officials and citizen groups in a comprehensive and understandable way.
Planners work in government, with non-profit agencies, and in private industry. Those in the public sector often work for city or county governments or regional planning agencies but there are also planning jobs at the state and federal level.
Is a Planning Career for Me?
If you answer “YES” to any of these questions, you should seriously consider becoming a planner!
- Are you interested in positive social, economic, environmental, and physical change?
- Do you want to work with people from various backgrounds to develop a better community?
- Do you like to communicate with others about ideas, programs, and plans?
- Are you challenged by complex problems–and excited about being part of a cooperative process to devise solutions to those problems?
- Do you think about the future–about what could be–rather than about what is?
For More Information
- Read this brochure [PDF], Careers in Planning, for more information about a career in the planning industry. It is current as of September 2014 and produced by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
- Check out this video, "What is Urban Planning?". created by University of Michigan Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning Masters Students; Betsy Cooper (M.U.P.'15), Dan Sommerville (M.U.P.'16), Adam Smith (M. Arch.'11), and Douglas Thomas Smith (M.U.P.'15).
- Take a look at this national survey by the APA Arizona Chapter: "Career Advice for Emerging Planners".
- Send questions - Prospective students in the beginning stages of their research about planning can send questions directly to a member faculty of the ACSP for an immediate answer. Faculty will not share opinions about other member schools but will direct you to the appropriate place for the best answers. Send us an email!
- View member schools here